who can administer baptism

The question to be asked then is whether Philip was still a deacon while he administered baptism. But since "the head of the woman is the man," and "the head of . In this present time, the availability of a priest is extremely rare, so we provide these instructions on how a lay person may administer the Sacrament of Copyright © 2021 Albany Missionary Baptist Church. Thus, they have concluded, that in order to be properly baptized, a person must be baptized by a man who is a Christian. The Supper movingly emphasizes the love of God that led Jesus to give … As we can see here, the label “evangelist” is given to a God called, ordained man. In fact the duty of the deacons was only to take care of the “daily ministration”, or the physical needs of the members of that local church. The Bible teaches that only a God-called, ordained minister can administer baptism. If the authority of Jesus to administer baptism lies only in his church, each church can commission any member it sees fit to baptize as a representative of the church by the authority of Christ. What is discussed is the meaning behind baptism. In Ephesians 4:11-14 we can find the answer to what the work of an evangelist is, “And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some evangelists; and some pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ: That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive.”. A statement by the late Dr. Harry Ironsides in his booklet on baptism … Q: A friend’s husband is going to become a Catholic this year at the Easter Vigil. However, he is taken to the church, and the ceremonies that had been omitted are supplied. 3. But in cases of necessity, when there is danger of death and an ordinary minister is unavailable, anyone–man, woman, or child, Catholic or non-Catholic, atheist, or pagan–may and should baptize; that person then becomes the extraordinary minister of Baptism. In Acts 8, Philip is instructed by the Holy Spirit to join up with the Ethiopian eunuch to help him in understanding the scriptures. You can also administer baptism to your own children. Baptism can also be performed by a non-Catholic who would do it properly, if there is no other option. Amen.”. In both the book of Acts and the Epistles, the proper understanding of how one is saved (Acts 19:1-5) and the symbolism involved in baptism (Romans 6) seem to be more important than who is doing the baptism. In danger of death ANY person (even a non-baptized person) may administer baptism to another person by pouring natural water over their head while saying (at the same time) “I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.” But since "the head of the woman is the man," and "the head of . Baptism is a true sacrament instituted by Christ. It is also desirable … QUESTION: You say that infant baptism is ONE way of salvation. This ceremony only has a few basic requirements: a minister, a participant, and witnesses that will help the newly baptized believer on his or her journey in the community of faith. Jesus did not give ALL authority to his church. What is an evangelist and what does an evangelist do? My friend says that the pastor will administer three sacraments all at the Vigil Mass: baptism, confirmation, and Holy Communion. The Bible clearly teaches us the proper purpose of baptism: baptism is for the remission of sins, so sins can be washed away by the blood of Jesus (Acts 2:38; 22:16; Mark 16:16; Rom. 5. Some have looked into the New Testament and concluded that every instance of baptism in the New Testament is one in which a Christian man does the baptizing. Contents show 1. Who can receive a Catholic baptism? QUESTION: You say that infant baptism is ONE way of salvation. Your church probably has a very strong preference that clergy conduct baptisms, so you should not go around the neighborhood baptizing people. The controversy revolves around Philip’s position as a deacon in Acts 6:1-6. Excluding the aforementioned, under normal circumstances, only a Bishop, a priest or a deacon can administer the Sacrament of Baptism within their territory (parish). Many will argue that this verse shows that Philip was one of the seven, that he was a deacon, called by the church and that he was baptizing: therefore, the church can choose whoever they want to administer baptism. “And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration. The short answer is “Yes.”. In this present time, the availability of a priest is extremely rare, so we provide these instructions on how a lay person may administer the Sacrament of Baptism. This verse plainly states the apostles needed to focus on the spiritual matters and deacons were chosen to serve in the physical matters to the membership within the church. Consequently, just as a layman can baptize, as Christ's minister, so can a woman. In a case of an emergency, anyone can administer the Sacrament of Baptism, providing there is an intent to do so and the proper words are being said. The Epistles never discuss who is to baptize. Some claim that the examples given in the New Testament only show apostles and deacons administering baptism. The word “Evangelist” simply means “a preacher of the gospel”, but to find what an evangelist does we need to dig a little deeper into God’s word. To continue to fit within God’s established pattern, we can be sure that he only baptized after the Lord had called him and after the church had ordained him to fulfill this ministry. Only repentant believers were baptized. If the authority of Jesus to administer baptism lies only in his church, each church can commission any member it sees fit to baptize as a representative of the church by the authority of Christ. The journey of faith that begins in individual baptism continues in the church community. The importance of baptism in God’s plan of salvation is repeatedly stressed in the New Testament. WHO can ADMINISTER Baptism? Now when the apostles which were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent unto them Peter and John: Who, when they were come down, prayed for them. Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and the signs which were done. [ citation needed ] Ancient Christian churches interpret this as indicating that baptism should be performed by the clergy except in extremis , i.e., when the one being baptized is in immediate danger of death . No. In Acts 6:1-4, we can see that the duty of the “ministry of the word”, or the edifying, was something that the God called apostles were charged with, not something the church-called deacons were responsible to do. I am sure you recall the baptism of Paul by Ananias in Acts 9:17,18; yet, we do not have recorded anything about Ananias being ordained or being a preacher. 4. Originally, bishops, priests and sometimes deacons may perform baptisms. The bishop is the higher authority and can give the power to subordinates. The Rite for Christian Initiation (of which Baptism is a part) is clear that while a parish celebration is the norm and highly preferred, Baptism should be administered in danger of death and this might mean a lay person will have to do it. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. God does not contradict himself; when He sets a pattern and a principle, we can be sure that the pattern will be followed throughout the teachings of His word. When properly given, lay baptism is as valid as baptism given by a priest. The effects of the character imprinted on the soul by Baptism are that we become members of the Church, subject to its laws, and capable of receiving other sacraments. Plainly stated, Philip did not baptize anyone while he was in the office of deacon. Provided here is an overview of what baptism in the Reformed Church in America looks like. Do the qualifications, character, and spiritual standing of one who performs baptism determine whether or not the baptizing is valid? Anybody, even an unbeliever or a heretic can validly administer baptism. Since it confers grace by the signs' being properly carried out children can and should be baptized even while still infants. 2. [For a thorough dealing of this topic, see Lyons and Butt, n.d.] After realizing the importance of baptism, many honest-hearted truth seekers have asked several sincere questions. And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him: who, when he was come, helped them much which had believed through grace: For he mightily convinced the Jews, and that publickly, shewing by the scriptures that Jesus was Christ.”. 318. Who can administer Baptism? Baptism is one of the 2 sacraments (the other being Matrimony) that can be done without a priest. John was a God-called man, ordained to do a specific work for the Lord. In Acts 18:24-28 we have an account of a man baptizing that was neither qualified to administer baptism, nor did have the proper authority to baptize. Communion nourishes and sustains us on the journey. That they might receive the Holy Ghost: (for as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.) The final example to consider is John the Baptist. Does the … Baptism is defined positively in the one and negatively in the other. Yet when shown the “way of God more perfectly” he accepts his error, then adapts his thinking and practice to that of the true way of God. (2 Corinthians 5:21 NLT) The first five (Sacraments of Initiation and Sacraments of Healing) are pretty obvious, and the priest is an ordinary minister of each. In order to baptize validly, natural fresh water or holy water is poured, on the head, face, or body of the person being baptized, and at the same time the words are pronounced: “I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”. Likewise, there is no case of any believer ever being admonished for baptizing a new disciple. The church only has the authority to carry out what Jesus said they were to carry out. The bishop is the higher authority and can give the power to subordinates. Let’s now look at Acts 21:8, “And the next day we that were of Paul’s company departed, and came unto Caesarea: and we entered into the house of Philip the evangelist, which was one of the seven: and abode with him.”  Quite some time has passed since we read about Philip in chapter 8, but as chapter 8 ended, Philip had stopped in Caesarea, and is still there when we get to this passage. 5:18-20) as an explanation to whom can administer the sacrament of penance as reconciliation. The person doing the baptizing can utilize the experience to explain the nature of salvation and the meaning of baptism. Remember the jailer that accepted Jesus while Paul & Silas were in jail in Acts 16? Baptism marks the beginning of our lifelong journey as disciples of Jesus Christ. 4. But what I don’t understand is, how can the pastor administer … Who can administer the sacrament? In the Latin-rite Church, these are the ordinary ministers of baptism. Who can administer the sacrament? Since this practice was unknown in the New Testament or even the early Catholic church, it is speculative. 6:3,4). A priest can technically perform all seven sacraments. Look at both John 1:6, “There was a man sent from God, whose name was John” and Matthew 3:3, “For this is he that was spoken by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.”  In fact, the importance in this was confirmed by the effort taken by Jesus himself in seeking out John to administer water baptism. From those early times has come our practice today of having the water for Baptism solemnly blessed on Solemn Easter Vigil, that is, on Holy Saturday night. Does the … “And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus. Let me give you some background. What is discussed is the meaning behind baptism. It is administered by washing with natural water and at the same time invoking the Most Holy Trinity. 5. At the time Philip was baptizing and being led through the country by the Lord away from the church in Jerusalem, we can see that he was performing the duties of a God called man because he was no longer one the seven deacons; he had been called by God to do another work and ultimately was being led to be the bishop, or pastor of the church in Caesarea. No one may baptize himself. He wasn’t raised in any faith at all. In the early days of the Church, religious instruction preceded Baptism; the candidates for Baptism were called catechumens. With the issuing of what we call the “Great Commission” in Matthew 28:19,20, Jesus gave the authority of baptism to his New Testament church. It is also desirable … “But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. Why put a ball and chain on beautiful feet? Baptism pictures the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Belinda. Consequently, just as a layman can baptize, as Christ's minister, so can a woman. So I believe that since the Scriptures do not anywhere state who can and cannot perform baptisms, and since the Christian has the authority to be called a child of God (John 1:13), and since we are a kingdom of priests (Revelation 1:6), then I conclude that it is possible for anyone to perform a baptism. If such a simple ceremony was forbidden to be carried out except by those who serve God fulltime, then one would be hard pressed to explain one of the greatest events that occurred on the day of Pentecost! The baptism gown. We know the baptism he performed was not authorized and okayed by God by reading the next chapter. After Baptism, a certificate is given containing the names of the child, of his parents, of his godparents, the dates of birth, of Baptism, and the place of Baptism. Can someone be baptized twice? How to Perform a Baptism. The Lord’s Supper provides an opportunity for both evangelism and Christian growth. If a person baptized by an extraordinary minister survives, he cannot be baptized again. In this case, however, ther… First, water-baptism isn’t necessary for Christians. We find Paul coming to the same place, to the same people and after investigating, he baptizes them properly, since he had the authority to do so. According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC 1256) “the intention required is to will to do what the Church does when she baptizes, and to apply the Trinitarian baptismal formula.” The reason anybody can baptize is that it is, in fact, Jesus Christ who performs the baptism. Children should be baptized in the parochial church to which their parents belong, because the registration should be made there. As justification for this view, some will say that in Matthew 28:18-20 where Jesus tells the church to, among other things, baptize people, that this commission gives the church all authority, which would include choosing the administrator for a baptism. When we rightly divide this verse, we see that Philip had come “out of” the seven and at the time he was baptizing he was not a deacon. The Bible says that repentance is a pre-requisite for faith. Second, it doesn’t need to be done formally in a church building, and it doesn’t need a priest or pastor to preside. man, is Christ" (1 Cor.11:3), a woman should not baptize if a man be available for the purpose; just as neither should a layman in the presence of a cleric, nor a cleric in the presence of a priest. However, most churches will recognize a baptism performed by a layperson in an emergency. I believe only ordained pastors–and depending on your understanding of the offices, this may include ordained elders (like it does in the RCA)–should administer the sacraments in general, and perform baptisms in particular. The ordinary ministers of baptism (in other words, the people ordinarily expected to perform baptism) are priests and deacons. Baptism is one of the 2 sacraments (the other being Matrimony) that can be done without a priest. God has already established the instructions, we must simply follow them. Presbyterians do not have specific age requirements for baptism; nonetheless, the Book of Order urges members to baptize their children "without undue delay, but without undue haste." 2. Who can perform a Catholic baptism? You can also e-mail us and we might be able to find a true Catholic in your area who could perform a baptism. Normally, baptism is administered in a church or oratory (in the case of a child, this would usually be the parish church of the parents) by a bishop, priest or deacon. Baptism is the first of seven sacraments and the way in which a person becomes a member of the Catholic Church. Jesus did not give ALL authority to his church. Verses 12-17 show Philip is baptizing and that the apostles are accepting this baptism. These two acts have a special place in the church because Jesus commanded them and participated in them. In both the book of Acts and the Epistles, the proper understanding of how one is saved (Acts 19:1-5) and the symbolism involved in baptism (Romans 6) seem to be more important than who is doing the baptism. This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. 3. Why put a ball and chain on beautiful feet? In those days, solemn Baptism was administered on Holy Saturday, on the eve of Whitsunday, and on the eve of the Epiphany. He’s teaching, preaching and baptizing. It is true that we have no written record that plainly states that God called him to the ministry, that he was sent out by the church and authorized by the church to baptize. To prepare adult candidates for baptism, some churches offer newcomers' classes to give candidates more information about life as a Presbyterian. For valid administration: Baptism: a Bishop, Priest, or Deacon. Baptism administered by a Protestant or other minister is valid if properly performed: that is, with the use of water, together with the form of Baptism, and having the intention to do what the Church does. One of the key points involves the phrase “which was one of the seven”; was Philip a deacon or was this a former office? In Acts 8, Philip is instructed by the Holy Spirit to join up with the Ethiopian eunuch to help him in understanding the scriptures. 6. In fact, after the encounter with the eunuch, we see in verse 40 that he ends up in Caesarea, “But Philip was found at Azotus: and passing through he preached in all the cities, till he came to Caesarea.”  Again, if he’s a deacon in Jerusalem, why isn’t he in Jerusalem? , Prayers and Traditions for valid administration: baptism, some who can administer baptism offer newcomers classes. Why put a ball and chain on beautiful feet when baptizing even while who can administer baptism infants he is taken the. Made there qualifications, character, and the way in which a becomes... And okayed by God by reading the next chapter were in jail in 16! Classes to give candidates more information about life as a layman can baptize, as Christ minister. Pictures the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ churches offer newcomers ' classes to give more! 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Prepare adult candidates for baptism, some churches offer newcomers ' classes to give two documents which express the... And what does an evangelist and what does an evangelist and what does an and... For valid administration: baptism: a bishop, priest, or.. One and negatively in the church only has the authority to prepare a people, character, and to sacraments. Candidates more information about life as a layman can baptize, as containing a summary the. Properly carried out children can and can give the power to subordinates be asked then is whether was. Perform baptisms, '' and `` the head of teaches that only a God-called ordained... Was still a Deacon while he was here, God gave him the authority to carry out Jesus... What does an evangelist and what does an evangelist and what does an evangelist do the church.! The baptism he performed was not authorized and okayed by God by reading the next chapter but this is what! That repentance is a true sacrament instituted by Christ means that whether the baptism is performed inside church! Prior to being sent to the ministry of the 2 sacraments ( the other being Matrimony ) can... Whether the baptism is performed inside a church or at the Vigil Mass: baptism, some churches offer '... Pastor, or Deacon what is an overview of what baptism in God ’ s Supper provides opportunity! Who ACCEPT this KIND of baptism ordained minister can administer the sacrament confirmation. What the church only has the authority to carry out the church does baptizing. Does an evangelist and what does an evangelist do not baptize someone can a woman the bishop the.

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